完整版初中形容词知识点总结x

时间:2021-01-01 08:18:25 手机站 阅读量:

village.musician.

village.

musician.

限定用法(定语)

形容词(一个字)+名词

The old man lived in a small

His elder brother is a famous

名词+形容词(?thing,?body,?one

等,两个字或以上的形容词片语和子句 )

I want to drink something cold

2. Is there anything interestingin todays paper?

2. Is there anything interesting

in today

s paper?

lull of people

lull of people ?

I don ' t like riding on trains

ride on train 搭乘火车

He tried to climb a fence two meters high.

He is a boy (who is) five years old .

He is a five?year-old boy.

叙述用法(表语)

a. 主词补语

Sea water tastes salty .

The rainbow is very beautiful.

b.受词补语

You ' llfind the book difficult .

Ileft the windows open .使开着(adj.)

I let the windows be opened .使被打开(v.)

重点

a.

只能用限定用法的形容词 (定语形容词)

only

inner 里面的

house.

mere 只?

Live/living

2. He is

a mere

main

daily

child.

他不过是孩

wooden

lone孤单的,古语

j

upper上面的

1. This is a wooden

b.只能用叙述用法(表语形容词)

alive

asleep

content

alone

awake

glad

afraid

well

aware

I ' ma fra id of dog.

The baby is still asleep .

Are you aware of your mistakes?

限定用法和叙述用法意思不同的形容词

I met a certain lady.某一个

It is quite certain ?确定

He is my present assistant. 目前

He is present today. 出席 absent 缺席

The late Mr. Smith was an able man. 已故

He was late for the meeting. 迟至ij

She gave me a fond look .温柔的

I am very fond of ice cream. 喜欢

3.形容词的位置

3.

形容词的位置

1)形容词作定语通常前置,但在下列情况后置:

1

修饰 some, any, every, no 和 body, thing, one 等构成 的复合不定代词时

nobody absent, everything possible

2

以-able, ?iblc结尾的形容词叫置于有最咼级或only 修饰的名词之后

the best book available, the only solution possible

3

alive, alike, awake, aware, asleep 等可以后置

the only person awake

4

和空间、时间、单位连用时

a bridge 50 meters long

5

成对的形容词可以后置

a huge room simple and beautilul

6

形容词短语i般后置

a man difficult to get on with

2)多个形容词修饰同一个名词的顺序:

代词

数词

性状形容词

冠词 前的 形容

冠词

指示代词 不定代词

代词所有

序数 词

基数 词

性质

状态

大小

长短

形状

新旧

温度

颜色

国籍 产地

材料 质地

名 词

all

both

such

the

a

this

another

your

second

next

one four

beautilul

good

poor

large

short

square

new

cool

black ye llow

Chinese

London

silk

stone

3)复合形容词的构成:

1

形容词+名词+ed

kind-hearted

6

名词+形容词

world-famous

2

形容词+形容词

dark-blue

7

名词+现在分词

peace-loving

3

形容词+现在分词

ordinary-looking

8

名词+过去分词

snow-covered

4

副词+现在分词

hard-working

9

数词+名词+ed

three-egged

5

副词+过去分词

newly-built

1(

数词+名词

twenty-year

复合形容词有下列五类

形容词■连缀动词的现在分词名词■现在分词(主动)

形容词■连缀动词的现在分词

名词■现在分词(主动)

a good-looking mana peace-loving people

a good-looking man

a peace-loving people

形容词■及物动词的过去分词名词■过去分词(被动)

形容词■及物动词的过去分词

名词■过去分词(被动)

a white -painted walla hand-made cake

a white -painted wall

a hand-made cake

3.畐I]-在分(主)a rapidly-moving tornado副?去分(被)a we 11-behaved boybehave vt.[后接修

3.畐I]-在分(主)

a rapidly-moving tornado

副?去分(被)

a we 11-behaved boy

behave vt.[后接修 H吏(自己)表

得,使(自己)止…

例句:he behaves himself well.

4?名-名ed

a open-minded leader

5.数■名ed

a two-headed monster

a three-legged table

a second-hand car.

three-minute

first-class 一流的

a baby-faced girl

three-ye ar- old

ten-meter-long

形容?名ed

特别注意的形容词用法

a. 不能以人主的形容

dangerous, difficult, hard, easy, useftil, useless, tough, convenient, important,

necessary, regrettable 憾的,natural, possible

貌似些形容都是人做某事才能体 只能用It be 形容 for人to V

It is necessary for you to see a doctor.

Is it possible for you to attend the meeting?

b.以人主的形容都是与情有关的形容

sorry,angry, ashamed, delighted, disappointed, excited, glad, happy, proud,

sorry,

thankful

We were excited about the baseball game.

The game was exciting for us.

The+形容词

The rich are not always happy?

We search for the true, the good, and the beautiful.

形容词的副词用法

It is burning hot ?天气热的厉害

2? It is freezing cold .

They were dead asleep .睡得很熟

数量形容词

many/much

do you have many books in your study?

They ' ve spent much money on adverting?

否定句屮的not many/much 可译成[不太多]

This garden doesn ' t have many trees.

My son hasn' t made much money?

口语中,可用 a lot of, lots of, plenty of+ 可数 / 不可数代替 many/much

There were a lot ofi^lots ot/plenty of people in the shop.

She ate a lot ol/lots of/plenty of ice cream?

A large number of=large numbers of number 中文有[数数]的意思,故后接可数名

A large amount of=large amount of amount 扌旨[量],故后接 不可数名词

a few/few

a few=some few=not many( 几乎没有)表否定,不可和not同时出现

There are a few vegetables in the refrigerator.

Few people were injured in the accident. 几乎没有

c ? a little /little

a little =some

little =not much 几乎没有

1 ? I have a little money with me.

We need little butter to make this cake.

The little of his work that remains should be done within a today?

口语屮,可用 not many / hardly any 代替 few

可用 not much / hardly any 代替 little

1 ? There were not many / hardly any people in the park?

There is not much / hardly any danger of an earthquake.

d. some/any

some 的用法

肯定句

Some students take lessons in Spanish. 语言前用 in

表示邀请的疑问句

Won' t you have some more tea?

Any的用法 1.用于疑问句和否定句

"Do you have any question ?

—Yes, I have some questions?

?-No, I do n ? t have any questions.

用于表示[任何?(皆可)]之意的肯定句

You may come any time?

用于条件句(if子句)Ask

him if you have any doubt.

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